Mandarin

. Mandarin

Citrus reticulata

Harvesting periods

HISTORY

Mandarins originated in China and have been cultivated for several thousands of years. The first mention in literature dates to the 21st century B.C. in the “Tribute of Yu”, which narrates that the mandarin, pomelo and bitter orange were taken as gifts to the emperor.

They were introduced into England from Canton by Sir Abram Hune in 1805 and arrived to Malta and Sicily in 1810. In 1840, mandarin groves already existed around the magnificent plain which is home to Palermo. Subsequently, mandarins spread throughout the Mediterranean and the rest of the world.

NEWS

The plant enjoys excellent vigour and development and does not take well to drastic pruning. It produces abundant fruit, but tends to alternate production. Different horticultural practices are used to influence the irregular behaviour of production, including the use of other plants as pollinators, fastening the stalks tightly together and thinning by hand.

Thinning has been used in Sicily for more than a century to extract essential oil called “green” or “yellow” when the fruit still contains no juice because it has not fully ripened.

Ripening occurs in the months of December and January. Avana mandarins are among the most widespread varieties, the fruit is aromatic with a rind rich in essential oils.

Harvesting periods

FruitsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Lemon
Femminello
JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMaySeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember
Blood Orange
Tarocco
JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilDecember
Blood Orange
Sanguinello
JanuaryFebruaryMarchApril
Blonde Orange
Valencia
AprilMay
Blonde Orange
Navel
JanuaryFebruaryMarchDecember
Mandarin
Tardivo di Ciaculli
FebruaryMarchApril
Mandarin
Avana
JanuaryOctoberNovemberDecember
Grape
Italia
SeptemberOctoberNovember